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2007年GMAT考试最新逻辑推理仿真试题训练十五(3)

2007-11-02 16:37

  11.A group of children of various ages was read stories in which people caused harm, some of those people doing so intentionally, and some accidentally. When asked about appropriate punishments for those who had caused harm, the younger children, unlike the older ones, assigned punishments that did not vary according to whether the harm was done intentionally or accidentally. Younger children, then, do not regard people's intentions as relevant to punishment.Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion above?

 。ˋ) In interpreting these stories, the listeners had to draw on a relatively mature sense of human psychology in order to tell whether harm was produced intentionally or accidentally.
 。˙) In these stories, the severity of the harm produced was clearly stated.
 。–) Younger children are as likely to produce harm unintentionally as are older children.
 。―) The older children assigned punishment in a way that closely resembled the way adults had assigned punishment in a similar experiment.
 。‥) The younger children assigned punishments that varied according to the severity of the harm done by the agents in the stories.

  12.When hypnotized subjects are told that they are deaf and are then asked whether they can hear the hypnotist, they reply, “No.” Some theorists try to explain this result by arguing that the selves of hypnotized subjects are dissociated into separate parts, and that the part that is deaf is dissociated from the part that replies.Which of the following challenges indicates the most serious weakness in the attempted explanation described above?

 。ˋ) Why does the part that replies not answer, “Yes”?
 。˙) Why are the observed facts in need of any special explanation?
 。–) Why do the subjects appear to accept the hypnotist's suggestion that they are deaf?
 。―) Why do hypnotized subjects all respond the same way in the situation described?
 。‥) Why are the separate parts of the self the same for all subjects?

  Questions 13-14 are based on the following.

  The program to control the entry of illegal drugs into the country was a failure in 1987. If the program had been successful, the wholesale price of most illegal drugs would not have dropped substantially in 1987.

  13.The argument in the passage depends on which of the following assumptions?

 。ˋ) The supply of illegal drugs dropped substantially in 1987.
 。˙) The price paid for most illegal drugs by the average consumer did not drop substantially in 1987.
 。–) Domestic production of illegal drugs increased at a higher rate than did the entry of such drugs into the country.
 。―) The wholesale price of a few illegal drugs increased substantially in 1987.
 。‥) A drop in demand for most illegal drugs in 1987 was not the sole cause of the drop in their wholesale price.

  14.The argument in the passage would be most seriously weakened if it were true that

 。ˋ) in 1987 smugglers of illegal drugs, as a group, had significantly more funds at their disposal than did the country's customs agents
 。˙) domestic production of illegal drugs increased substantially in 1987
 。–) the author's statements were made in order to embarrass the officials responsible for the drug-control program
 。―) in 1987 illegal drugs entered the country by a different set of routes than they did in 1986
 。‥) the country's citizens spent substantially more money on illegal drugs in 1987 than they did in 1986

  15.Excavation of the ancient city of Kourion on the island of Cyprus revealed a pattern of debris and collapsed buildings typical of towns devastated by earthquakes. Archaeologists have hypothesized that the destruction was due to a major earthquake known to have occurred near the island in A.D. 365.Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists' hypothesis?

 。ˋ) Bronze ceremonial drinking vessels that are often found in graves dating from years preceding and following A.D. 365 were also found in several graves near Kourion.
 。˙) No coins minted after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion, but coins minted before that year were found in abundance.
 。–) Most modern histories of Cyprus mention that an earthquake occurred near the island in A.D. 365.
 。―) Several small statues carved in styles current in Cyprus in the century between A.D. 300 and 400 were found in Kourion.
 。‥) Stone inscriptions in a form of the Greek alphabet that was definitely used in Cyprus after A.D. 365 were found in Kourion.

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