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2007年GMAT考试最新逻辑推理仿真试题训练十五(2)

2007-11-02 16:37

  6.“Fast cycle time” is a strategy of designing a manufacturing organization to eliminate bottlenecks and delays in production. Not only does it speed up production, but it also assures quality. The reason is that the bottlenecks and delays cannot be eliminated unless all work is done right the first time.The claim about quality made above rests on a questionable presupposition that

 。ˋ) any flaw in work on a product would cause a bottleneck or delay and so would be prevented from occurring on a “fast cycle” production line
 。˙) the strategy of “fast cycle time” would require fundamental rethinking of product design
 。–) the primary goal of the organization is to produce a product of unexcelled quality, rather than to generate profits for stockholders
 。―) “fast cycle time” could be achieved by shaving time off each of the component processes in production cycle
 。‥) “fast cycle time” is a concept in business strategy that has not yet been put into practice in a factory

  7.Many breakfast cereals are fortified with vitamin supplements. Some of these cereals provide 100 percent of the recommended daily requirement of vitamins. Nevertheless, a well-balanced breakfast, including a variety of foods, is a better source of those vitamins than are such fortified breakfast cereals alone.Which of the following, if true, would most strongly support the position above?

 。ˋ) In many foods, the natural combination of vitamins with other nutrients makes those vitamins more usable by the body than are vitamins added in vitamin supplements.
 。˙) People who regularly eat cereals fortified with vitamin supplements sometimes neglect to eat the foods in which the vitamins occur naturally.
 。–) Foods often must be fortified with vitamin supplements because naturally occurring vitamins are removed during processing.
 。―) Unprocessed cereals are naturally high in several of the vitamins that are usually added to fortified breakfast cereals.
 。‥) Cereals containing vitamin supplements are no harder to digest than similar cereals without added vitamins.

  8.Which of the following best completes the passage below?The more worried investors are about losing their money, the more they will demand a high potential return on their investment; great risks must be offset by the chance of great rewards. This principle is the fundamental one in determining interest rates, and it is illustrated by the fact that______

 。ˋ) successful investors are distinguished by an ability to make very risky investments without worrying about their money
 。˙) lenders receive higher interest rates on unsecured loans than on loans backed by collateral
 。–) in times of high inflation, the interest paid to depositors by banks can actually be below the rate of inflation
 。―) at any one time, a commercial bank will have a single rate of interest that it will expect all of its individual borrowers to pay
 。‥) the potential return on investment in a new company is typically lower than the potential return on investment in a well-established company

  9.A famous singer recently won a lawsuit against an advertising firm for using another singer in a commercial to evoke the famous singer's well-known rendition of a certain song. As a result of the lawsuit, advertising firms will stop using imitators in commercials. Therefore, advertising costs will rise, since famous singers' services cost more than those of their imitators.The conclusion above is based on which of the following assumptions?

 。ˋ) Most people are unable to distinguish a famous singer's rendition of a song from a good imitator's rendition of the same song.
 。˙) Commercials using famous singers are usually more effective than commercials using imitators of famous singers.
 。–) The original versions of some well-known songs are unavailable for use in commercials.
 。―) Advertising firms will continue to use imitators to mimic the physical mannerisms of famous singers.
 。‥) The advertising industry will use well-known renditions of songs in commercials.

  10.A certain mayor has proposed a fee of five dollars per day on private vehicles entering the city, claiming that the fee will alleviate the city's traffic congestion. The mayor reasons that, since the fee will exceed the cost of round-trip bus fare from many nearby points, many people will switch from using their cars to using the bus.Which of the following statements, if true, provides the best evidence that the mayor's reasoning is flawed?

 。ˋ) Projected increases in the price of gasoline will increase the cost of taking a private vehicle into the city.
 。˙) The cost of parking fees already makes it considerably more expensive for most people to take a private vehicle into the city than to take a bus.
 。–) Most of the people currently riding the bus do not own private vehicles.
 。―) Many commuters opposing the mayor's plan have indicated that they would rather endure traffic congestion than pay a five-dollar-per day fee.
 。‥) During the average workday, private vehicles owned and operated by people living within the city account for twenty percent of the city's traffic congestion.

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